Human Systems Integration (HSI)

The Course


– Basic engineering science courses.

What students will learn

– Knowledge and first experience on Human-Centered Design

– Consideration of HSI in complex systems engineering projects

– Consideration of human and organizational aspects in an industrial project


This course is an in-depth introduction to Human-Systems Integration (HSI) that associates Human-Centered Design (HCD) to Systems Engineering to integrate human and organizational knowledge, methods and tools to fulfil requirements leading to successful sociotechnical systems. It is organized in two parts: (1) HSI: Managing Complexity of Technology, Organizations and People; and (2) Human- Centered Design of Autonomous Systems. Main objective is to provide HSI knowledge and organize real- world use cases development activities with external industrial support.

Teaching methods

– 45 hours of lectures, discussions and short exercises.


– Individual mid-term evaluation (short written exam)

– Mini-project by group (written report + oral at the end of the module)

Evaluation (Modalities and weights of each evaluation in the final score: mid-term exam + final exam in the form of a project (written report + oral presentation).


– Human Systems Integration: From Virtual to Tangible, Book

– Orchestrating Human-Centered Design, Book

– Tangible Interactive Systems, Book

– Slides used during the classes and additional articles on HSI

Detailed outline of the course syllabus

1. Human-System Integration: Managing Complexity of Technology, Organizations and People

  a. Introduction to Human-systems integration (HSI) design and management

  b. Cognitive engineering (human modeling for human issues evaluation)

     – cognitive function analysis

     – structure function modeling including people

     – theories of natural and artificial systems

  c. Organization design and management and complexity analysis of sociotechnical systems

      – agile engineering of systems and associated human factors

  d. Scenario-based design and human-in-the-loop modeling and simulation (activity analysis)

      – physical and figurative tangibility – digital twins

  e. HSI exercises (participatory design, formative evaluation...)

  f. Mid-term exam (written)

2. Human-Centered Design of Autonomous Systems

  a. Automation evolution – human-systems cooperation, delegation and trust

  b. Autonomy: definitions, discussions and synthesis – models and metrics – teams of teams

  c. From rigid automation to flexible autonomy (levels of autonomy) – evaluation and certification

  d. A real-world case (examples follow)

     1: maintenance in aeronautics (possibly Safran)

     2: tele-robotics (possibly with Total)

     3: air combat (possibly with Dassault and French Air & Space Force)

     4: health system with medical practitioners at the center

     5: virtual air control tower (possibly with CS Group)

     6: digital twin for experience feedback integration (possibly with Total)

  e. Final exam on a project carried out within a group of students (written and oral)

Note that additional invited talks could be given by industrial partners (they could be either mandatory and replace a class each or additional but highly recommended).

This course is a standalone course.