Collaboration CentraleSupélec-ESTIA- ICS IRIT Team - CNES

Engineering Training on Command-and-Control Systems

Model-based Training Design and Assessment

Multi-launchers Ground Segments

Image: Draft version of the Task-model based Training of Space Ground Segments

Engineering Initial and Recurrent Training:

Application to Space Ground Segments of Spacecrafts


The aim of this thesis is to propose methods, processes and tools (based on models) for designing and validating jointly, the interactive system (including input/output systems and interaction techniques) and its associated  training (including training material, organisation of initial training and organisation of recurrent training) [1]. New technologies might be used for improving operations but also for increasing performance of training [2]. The approach envisaged consists of describing both the behaviour of the interactive system and the tasks of the operators. The models produced then provide support for several aspects of the design of operator training and provide solutions to particular problems:

- The definition of a training plan that covers all the functionalities of the command and control system,

- The definition of a training plan that covers all the tasks that the operator has to perform,

- Incorporating the specific features of interaction techniques into the training plan,

- Ensuring that the training plan covers not only the nominal tasks but also all the operations involved in managing degraded cases,

- Definition of initial training leading to operator qualification,

- The definition of training courses covering the cross-qualification of operators on different but similar systems (different launchers),

- The definition of a method for designing ongoing (recurrent) training adapted to each operator, taking into account the operations actually carried out,

- The definition of recurrent training that takes into account operators' learning and forgetting behaviour (learning-forgetting curve) [3],

- Identifying optimal recurrent training strategies to ensure that only necessary skills that need to be relearned are included in recurrent training.


[1] Célia Martinie, David Navarre, Philippe Palanque, Eric Barboni, and Sandra Steere. 2022. Engineering Operations-based Training. Proc. ACM Hum.-Comput. Interact. 6, EICS, Article 164 (June 2022), 25 pages.

[2] Giorgia Lallai, Giovanni Loi Zedda, Célia Martinie, Philippe A. Palanque, Mauro Pisano, Lucio Davide Spano. Engineering Task-based Augmented Reality Guidance: Application to the Training of Aircraft Flight Procedures. Interact. Comput. 33(1): 17-39 (2021)

[3] Jaap M. J. Murre and Joeri Dros. 2015. Replication and Analysis of Ebbinghaus’ Forgetting Curve. PLOS ONE 10, 7 (07/2015), 1–23.